I can’t live without vasoconstrictor drops, my nose doesn’t breathe without them. You have to use them several times a day. How to get rid of such dependence?
This is sometimes incorrectly referred to as “naphthyzine addiction”. In addition to this drug, there are many other drops and sprays with the same side effect.
At first, they effectively facilitate breathing with a cold, and then after a while it turns out that a person cannot do without them. In order for the nose to breathe, they must be instilled regularly. All etinasal preparations belong to the same pharmacotherapeutic group.
Usually they are called anticongestants (in Russian, it means decongestants) or alpha-agonists. They have a vasoconstrictive effect, due to which the swelling subsides and the nose begins to breathe. The drugs are sold under a variety of brand names. To list them is innumerable. Here is a list of the main active substances in these medicines (they are always indicated in the instructions): xylometazoline, naphazoline, oxymetazoline, indanazoline, tetrizoline, and phenylephrine. In order not to memorize the names, remember that almost all of them, except for phenylephrine, end with the particle “zolnin”.
“There are a lot of patients with such medication, this is a serious problem,” explains otorhinolaryngologist Alexander Balakin. – It develops due to improper use of vasoconstrictor drops or sprays for a cold. The instructions indicate that they should not be treated for more than 3-5 days, as dependence may develop. Getting rid of it is not so easy. For starters, you can try to give up the drops, after 1-2 weeks, sometimes a little faster, breathing through the nose can be restored. Not everyone can withstand such a refusal, and it does not always help. It is especially difficult when the problem is running, and the nasal mucosa is already greatly changed. In such cases, only a doctor can help. They use various drugs that the patient himself cannot prescribe, and physiotherapy. In some cases, only surgery can help.