Dentists recommend brushing your teeth before bed, but for some this ritual is not enough. To maintain oral health, a night mouthguard is also added to the toothbrush. Dentist-orthopedist Raul Otkhozoria In an interview with , he told in what cases dental pads are used, how much it costs and how not to accidentally harm yourself with a mouthguard.

Cap types

Caps are unloading (with bruxism), corrective and therapeutic. The latter is used for bleaching or treatment with various drugs. They are worn only at the time necessary to activate the gel, such as in the morning or evening. As a rule, a special space is provided in the therapeutic cap, where the active drug is placed. As soon as it is put on, the gel begins to actively interact with the tissues of the teeth, starting the process of whitening or treatment. Usually 15 minutes is enough for the procedure, then the cap is removed.

Unloading is used at night, because here we are dealing with bruxism, when spontaneous clenching of the teeth occurs. The reasons for this phenomenon are stress, strong feelings. Considering that chewing muscles are the strongest in our body, dental tissue is being erased. In addition, in the morning you can wake up with a feeling of a slight headache, discomfort in the jaw joint.


Sometimes it happens that someone close complains about the squeaking of teeth that a person makes at night. At one time there was a common misconception that patients gnash their teeth when infected with parasites, but studies have shown that these phenomena are unrelated. We are talking about a nervous strain that causes the muscles to contract.


Unloading caps are designed to protect the tooth surface from the load at the time of squeezing and pressing, to keep it from abrasion, destruction and subsequent defects.

As for correction caps (retention), they are used to fix the result after wearing braces. They are worn only at night, in order to fix and maintain the corrected bite.

Who needs night guards?

Among the most common reasons for wearing night guards are hypertonicity of the jaw muscles, bruxism, snoring, recovery period after total prosthetics. In the latter case, when the oral cavity is restored using crowns, veneers, etc., this is necessary so that the patient’s masticatory muscles adapt to the new position and unusual anatomical dimensions of the teeth. The treatment period can be about six months.

Expensive pleasure

Most often, caps are made of polymers: silicone and bioplastic. The cost of production and installation depends on the clinic and the type of mouthguard you need. For example, the price of unloading trucks ranges from 100 to 200 $. To correct the bite, they are more expensive, since 3D technologies are used in the manufacture, and they should last about two years. The cost will not be lower than 2000 $. Caps for whitening can cost about 70 $.

We store correctly

Keep night guards in a special container, which is usually included. After each use, the structure must be cleaned and thoroughly disinfected. The same toothpaste you use daily will likely work for the inside of the mouthguard, but it’s best to check with your dentist or check the instructions.

Budget options

In stores, pharmacies and on the Internet today universal mouthguards for sleep are sold. Allegedly enough to support them in hot water and you’re done. Should these options be used?

Budget caps are not unloading: sleeping with them will be extremely uncomfortable. It cannot be said that cheap designs are somehow dangerous, but their main disadvantages are discomfort during operation and lack of benefit.

To achieve the desired result, the cap must be made and pressed individually, taking into account the unique structure of the jaw of a particular patient. So that it is not felt, does not cause a gag reflex and does not exert additional pressure – the cap should be as thin as possible and carefully envelop the teeth.


If the cap is made correctly and individually, you won’t have to get used to it: a person will be comfortable sleeping in it. The only thing that is required is self-discipline, because one must not forget to put on a mouth guard at night and introduce the cleansing of the structure into the morning routine.

When habituation does not occur for a long time, this indicates that the mouthguard is not suitable for a person: probably, mistakes were made in its production, you should definitely contact your doctor to replace the design.

The results and benefits of wearing a mouthguard are always individual and depend on the clinical situation. In general, the person’s well-being improves. For example, headaches go away, he becomes less anxious and irritable. Stops whining or clicking the jaw joint. But it is important to understand that each type of cap is used according to indications.

Specialist consultation required