There are several of these types, let’s consider them in order:

  • the phenomenon is forgotten At once (this is immediate memory);
  • when information stored in the brain for more than 30 seconds, then this type of retention is called short-term;
  • if information is processed by the brain over a long period, it is already a long-term memory;
  • there is also a sliding type of memory: information is stored in the brain for the right amount of time, and then erased as unnecessary.

There are many reasons for poor memory. It all depends on the circumstances that surround a person, and on his age.

We list the main causes of poor memory:

  • due to stressful situations a person becomes distracted, and his memory comes into a bad state;
  • bad habits (smoking, alcohol, drugs) significantly reduce brain activity and memory;
  • constant lack of sleep is also a negative factor that leads to poor brain function;
  • when the body lacks nutrients and vitamins, the brain definitely starts to work worse;
  • rush becomes the main cause of absent-mindedness, and absent-mindedness often leads to forgetfulness.

Do not panic if you feel that your memory has significantly decreased. It is possible that negative processes are not associated with serious diseases, but are only temporary problems, which are quickly eliminated by various methods.

However, in the above question primarily bet on age, because the circumstances of forgetfulness in people of different ages are completely different. Consider each life stage in order.

20 years

Many of us believe that bad memory only occurs in sick or elderly people. However, in memory problems at a young age.

Younger students suffer from forgetfulness, because their mental activity is forced to be filled with the educational process.

The educational process and gaming activities are very difficult to combine (only with the help of special techniques developed by specialists). And so it turns out that the child wants to play and run, but instead he has to learn poem or problem solving. Attention becomes distractedand as a result, the verse does not lend itself to memorization, and the task is also not solved.

Next comes teenage years. This time is coming hormonal changes throughout the body. This factor affects the mental state and brain function. That is why teenagers become irritable. Also restructuring directly affects memory.

At an older age, most young people facing the choice of his life path. They study a lot of educational material and prepare for exams. Memory is overloaded, attention becomes less sharp. That’s where the problems come from.

30 years

During this period, a person is fully formed as a person. He is busy building a career, and this takes a lot of energy.

Therefore, you should not panic if you become absent-minded and forget to do the most basic things. Rest more often and let’s relax your nervous system.

Otherwise, you may be affected by such a problem as psychosomatics, and then your emotional experiences will develop into physical ailments.

40 years

Until the age of forty, a person continues to lead an active lifestyle. At that time All people have different difficulties. that cause memory loss. If the physical examination did not reveal any negative factors, then your problems are not as serious as they seem.

You may be experiencing temporary difficulties due to the fact that:

  • work takes too much time, and you do not have time to focus on the main tasks;
  • there is an addiction to bad habits;
  • experiencing stress;
  • too passionate about something;
  • very much in love.

It should be noted that the factors leading to memory problems are not limited to this list. Therefore, anyone at least sometimes a person should look around and find the root of difficulties in an independent way.

50 years

When a person approaches the border of a given age and does not have any diseases, then his memory is in good condition.

However, there are factors that can affect the deterioration of brain activity. For example, women at this age are prone to forgetfulness due to the onset of menopause.

Involved in this process all components of the body: both the circulatory system and hormones.

As a result of the above reasons, the nutrition of the brain in women is significantly reduced. Hormonal changes lead to mood swings and ailments. Therefore, one should not be surprised that the fair sex at the age of fifty have difficulty remembering.

The male half may also experience some age-related changes. In some, they are more pronounced, while others do not experience difficulties. It all depends on lifestyle and genetic predisposition.

In any case, people who have crossed the threshold of fifty must be prepared for various pathological changes occurring in the body. They are direct sources of memory problems.

If you are at that age, try to exclude negative factors from your life: lack of sleep, bad habits, stress. To keep your mind at the proper level, go in for sports and walk more in the fresh air.

60 years

At this age, thought processes are significantly reduced due to aging. The brain can no longer process large amounts of information memory becomes less tenacious, and attention may be distracted.

It should be noted that these processes occur in the minds of not all people who have crossed the age of sixty. Some people who lead an active lifestyle are still able to remember information at the proper level.

This is facilitated by conditions such as regular exercise of intense brain activity.

And if at the same time a person observes a certain diet, goes in for sports, often rests in nature, then his life is no different from the life of people who are younger.

If you do not have a serious illness, then some negative changes in memory are a natural process, and not the onset of sclerosis. So that forgetfulness bothers you, take care of yourself. Start training your memory and follow the simple rules of a healthy lifestyle.

70 years old

In most cases at this age there is a significant aging of the body. If a person was not fond of various healing methods or he has poor heredity, then he may be susceptible to various diseases. And first of all, memory suffers here.

This is quite a common occurrence. Some elderly people suffer from various diseases leading to absent-mindedness and memory loss. long established, that more than 15% of people who are over 70 suffer from cognitive loss and cannot recreate previously accumulated experience.

All this happens against the background of aging of blood vessels. They store cholesterol accumulated by a person over the years.

The brain begins to “slow down”, the conscious process is disturbed. The following observations serve as proof of this.

For example, an elderly person remembers very well the events that happened in his life at an early age. But to remember what he ate yesterday for dinner, this person will no longer be able to.

This suggests that the attention of an elderly individual is scattered due to poor brain function. And we know that a person can remember only the information that aroused his interest.

80 years old

Pathological changes in memory, even at such a late age, do not always occur due to the onset of old age. Often there are cases when even at this age a person shows good activity in terms of brain activity.

A major role in brain malfunctions play heredity and unwillingness to engage in mental stress.

For this reason At 80, memory problems can only get worse. And if this happens, then the person needs to undergo an examination and establish the cause of gaps in memory.

They can happen due to:

  • head injuries;
  • various subtle signs, such as insomnia, mental attacks, dizziness, fainting;
  • infectious diseases;
  • taking drugs that have a negative impact on health.

In addition, diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, neoplasms in the brain, and epilepsy can occur in older people due to the fading of the immune system.

Alzheimer’s disease can be stopped therefore, it is necessary to monitor the condition of their elderly relatives. If you notice signs of this problem, it is necessary to start treating the disease immediately. The doctor will prescribe treatment, and the pathology will not go to the last stage.

In order for a person to live fully, you need to carefully monitor his health. Try your best to push back the onset of dementia. Otherwise, first there will be speech problems, and later senile dementia will lead a person to complete helplessness.

How to improve?

Before starting memory exercises, it is necessary to know what types of memory are inherent in the human brain. We will study each of them separately and consider recommendations for improvement.


Visual images are capable of retaining and reproducing in the minds of visual memory.

If you think that you have a poor memory for faces or you cannot quickly navigate in the right direction, despite the fact that the route is familiar to you, then your visual memory is “lame”.

Therefore, you should learn about some ways to improve it. In this variant, act according to the principle of “a wedge knocks out a wedge.”

Try despite the difficulties look closely at people’s faces that you meet along the way. In the evening before going to bed, reproduce in your mind the images of those passers-by who impressed you

The following technique will help develop a good memory. Start learning whole sets of numbers. For example, memorize the brands, colors and numbers of cars of all your friends. Having met a familiar number on a car, compare it with other data and remember the name of the owner (if you don’t know a person closely, then remember in which entrance he lives and on what floor).

Such an activity does not take time due to the fact that performed automatically – when you go about your business.


Responsible for the memorization and preservation of auditory images auditory memory. For her training, you can choose the following exercise. Need to focus and listen to a recording of a piece several times. Then postpone the lesson. After some time, do the same exercise again.

After these manipulations try to retell what you heard by heart. Does not work? Keep practicing until you succeed.

Having learned a work, proceed to the next one, gradually complicating the texts.


Memorization of complex movements is controlled by motor (motor) memory. If you can’t grasp how a washing machine turns on, then you need to develop that kind of memory. The best way to develop it is through various video games.

And remember that gamers are distinguished by such abilities as developed hand-eye coordination.


Memory, which helps to navigate in space, called spatial. To maintain it, you must perform the following exercise. On the way to work, try to take different routes. Necessarily memorize all the items that you meet along the way. They will guide you as you return. Gradually, the memory will be restored, and you will begin to correctly navigate the terrain.


There is also emotional memory. It stores various experiences and joyful moments that have occurred in a person’s life.

In most cases, this type is not worth developing. Any individual can remember the good life moments with ease, but it is better not to remember the bad, negative factors.


Responsible for various inferences verbal-logical memory. To develop it, you it is necessary to read a lot of scientific and journalistic literature.

Very well developed mental activity quotes and thoughts of famous people. But it is important to correctly understand and comprehend the text being read.

What to do if a child has a bad memory?

If a child is perfectly healthy, then in principle he cannot have a bad memory.

And if there are problems, then they can be eliminated as follows.

  • Talk to your child more. Let him tell you about his affairs in all details. This is the best memory training.
  • Read books with your child before bed and then ask the kid to retell the stories they like the most. So you calm your child and tune in the right way.
  • You can play with words. Name 10 words and ask them to repeat them. Make the exercise harder every day. You can use whole sentences for this.
  • Do mindfulness exercises. For this, entertaining pictures called “Find 10 Differences” or other similar exercises are suitable.
  • From childhood, feed your child with environmentally friendly products, follow his regimen and give vitamins.


The best way to improve your memory is to start using it. So try this:

  • when you read a story visualize all heroes and their environment;
  • use the associations method: think of what you associate with the smell, object, word;
  • use Cicero’s method: create a room in your thoughts and arrange imaginary things in it.