Speaking about the pros and cons, it must be indicated that a civil engineer:

    • always in demand;

 

    • can work both in the city and beyond;

 

    • does not directly engage in physical labor;

 

    • can be justly proud of the creative nature of their work and personally observe the result;

 

    • receives a relatively good income.

 

But at the same time:

    • the working day is not always standardized;

 

    • sometimes you have to travel very far for work, sometimes even to remote places;

 

    • the responsibility is very great;

 

    • there are strict standards that must be impeccably observed;

 

    • customers and contractors can sometimes put forward conflicting requirements;

 

    • problems can be created by the indiscipline of the performers or other surprises during construction.

 

Who can work?

A civil engineer can apply for a job as one of the following professionals.

Road construction laboratory engineer

This is a slightly different specialization. Those holding such a position can control not only the construction, but also the repair and restoration of roads. It is they who control that a coating of a strictly defined thickness and quality is applied, and if this is not the case, they immediately raise the alarm. The laboratory can be stationary or mobile. This determines the number of examinations that can be carried out, their complexity and accuracy.

In some cases, technologists evaluate the wear of the canvas on the track and say whether it needs to be repaired or not.

 

shipbuilding engineer

Such professionals are employed in the field of:

    • design;

 

    • construction;

 

    • construction control;

 

    • expert study of sea and river vessels, their individual parts, equipment and auxiliary watercraft.

 

It is their efforts and diligence that determine:

    • what the ships will look like;

 

    • what will be their carrying capacity, speed and other characteristics;

 

    • how efficiently and safely the ship will be used;

 

    • whether seafarers and/or passengers will be comfortable there.

Engineer surveyor

Basically, such employees are engaged in determining the levels of the terrain and measuring elevation changes. Their activities are carried out in a variety of conditions, and sometimes they have to walk many kilometers through difficult terrain, measuring and analyzing the results of measurements. In general, surveying engineers answer 4 main questions:

    • whether the area is suitable for building at all;

 

    • is it possible to build something concrete there;

 

    • what measures need to be taken to eliminate the negative aspects of the relief;

 

    • how expensive and difficult it will be to carry out such preparatory work.

 

Design engineer

The main activity of a design engineer is the preparation of architectural and executive drawings. It is he who will develop schemes for water supply and sewerage, electrical infrastructure. Even the most ordinary-looking building could not have appeared without the participation of design engineers. They constantly interact with architects and designers in order to obtain not only a completely functional and comfortable, but also a harmoniously beautiful object.

Other

A civil engineer for technical construction is mainly engaged in the construction of industrial, energy, transport and infrastructure facilities. The shipbuilder, as already mentioned above, works to obtain first-class ships and vessels that will fulfill their task in any conditions. There is no separate specialization in the field of landscape gardening construction. Such functions are performed in passing by general construction engineers or leading engineers of landscape gardening. There is also an engineer for the construction of railways and communications.

Such a professional is able to design and organize a structure:

    • railway lines;

 

    • transport interchanges;

 

    • bridges and tunnels;

 

    • auxiliary structures for transport communications.

 

Job description

The hiring and dismissal of civil engineers is made by the decision of the head of the organization. Only in exceptional cases and with a very large size of the organization, this function can be assigned to the deputy head. Most often, subordination to chief engineers is provided, optionally to architects. Chief Engineers have the right to temporarily appoint an employee replacing the retired civil engineer. But attention should be paid to the functionality of such specialists.

Responsibilities

The main functions of civil engineers are:

    • elaboration and coordination of design solutions;

 

    • elaboration of work schedules, their adjustment as necessary;

 

    • coordination of current changes with contractors, customers and government agencies;

 

    • proposal of measures to improve construction activities;

 

    • ongoing inspections of facilities being constructed and repaired (on their own or in cooperation with other people);

 

    • tracking current trends in the construction industry.

 

But even all this, as well as the preparation of as-built documentation that would suit the chief engineer and customers, does not exhaust the functions performed. Additionally you will need:

    • develop estimates in accordance with established requirements and forms of management;

 

    • prepare technical specifications for third-party performers (external contractors);

 

    • accept (together with other specialists) finished objects;

 

    • help the company prepare for tenders;

 

    • comply with technical and fire safety standards.

 

Knowledge and skills

The key knowledge of civil engineers are:

    • understanding of the laws and regulations in this area;

 

    • standards for working with technical and project documentation;

 

    • parameters of materials and technical structures;

 

    • features of weather conditions and other factors affecting the construction, operation of buildings;

 

    • fire and electrical safety requirements;

 

    • safety requirements in a particular industrial area;

 

    • criteria for evaluating the work performed and the degree of their completion.

 

The professional standard for an engineer of the capital construction department implies the following professional skills:

    • collection and storage of special documentation;

 

    • preparation of initial data for design;

 

    • the ability to estimate the amount of work;

 

    • readiness to form proposals for contractors and subcontractors;

 

    • possession of mathematics and physics at a high level;

 

    • ability to read maps, plans and diagrams;

 

    • ability to work with computer-aided design systems.

 

A responsibility

The civil engineer will be responsible for:

    • improper performance or complete failure to perform their duties arising from the job description, contracts and regulations;

 

    • violation of the requirements prescribed by civil, administrative and criminal legislation;

 

    • causing material damage to your organization, customers, contractors, other persons and organizations;

 

    • trade secret violation.

 

Rights

The civil engineer has the following powers:

    • participate in the discussion of prepared documents, regulations and other decisions of the organization’s management;

 

    • make suggestions that will improve the work, get a more attractive result with minimal time and money;

 

    • notify managers and other interested parties of identified violations within their authority;

 

    • to establish the reasons why the work schedule has been disrupted, its quality has been violated, or other shortcomings have arisen;

 

    • track the elimination of previously discovered shortcomings and problems, give instructions for each stage and nuance of improvements;

 

    • make decisions that allow you to perform work efficiently in the event of a change in the composition of materials, adjustments in terms, changes in the size of the budget during construction, achieving the same unchanged quality of finished structures and their parts.

 

In the ETCS, a close analogue of such professionals are employees of VET in construction or engineers supervising construction works. They are obliged:

    • carry out technical control in the interests of the customer;

 

    • monitor the implementation of work plans;

 

    • help to develop more promising methods and schemes of work;

 

    • participate in the development of new building materials;

 

    • conduct technical acceptance of finished objects;

 

    • take into account completed construction and installation works and prepare final reporting documents based on such materials;

 

    • own the principles of labor protection and safety (since the optimization of the construction process to the detriment of them is not allowed).

 

Personal qualities

The specificity of the activity of civil engineers leaves an expressive imprint on their personality. Or, rather, a person must initially have certain qualities in order to qualify for such a position. It is imperative to have an analytical mindset, otherwise it will not be possible to prepare everything so scrupulously. Also important:

    • excellent visual memory;

 

    • advanced technical thinking;

 

    • the ability to quickly switch between different objects and distribute their attention;

 

    • the ability to work carefully, even if you have to deal with a monotonous function for a long time;

 

    • accuracy.

 

Education

Even a general acquaintance with the specialty of a civil engineer shows that in order to obtain the necessary education, one must pass mainly physics and mathematics. However, each educational institution (and even individual faculties) has the right to establish its own norms and requirements, vary the subjects for admission and set a certain bar. These requirements may also change from year to year. Therefore, it is necessary every time to study the most up-to-date information on the official website and in other sources. The necessary training is provided by a wide variety of institutes and universities.

 

Place of work

Although some of these specialists may even get a job in colleges and other educational institutions where certain technical disciplines will be taught, this is far from the main option. Basically, civil engineers are employed in companies involved in the construction and repair of various facilities. Some of them go to specialized design organizations. After a relatively simple retraining, one can become an architect.

Another quite possible area of ​​application of their efforts can be expert and evaluation activities.