It is most effective to assimilate and retell the material, there is no absolute accuracy here, but the meaning is remembered as accurately as possible. But this method not suitable for memorizing formulas and other precise concepts.

The main method of effective memorization consists of several parts:

  • reading the text several times;

  • understanding the essence, identifying the main thing;

  • planning.

It is useful to break the text into parts and memorize “in portions” – this is called structuring. It is recommended to focus as much as possible on the middle, since the beginning and end, as a rule, contain a lot of general information.

Use quick memorization methods:

  • printing excerpts and hanging them in the most visited areas of housing;

  • closed public in social networks and publication of parts of the text on a timer;

  • even reading in passing deposits meaningful information in memory;

  • translating words into a visual image is a great way to remember;

  • assignment of rewards for each learned passage – entrance to the social network, tea with cookies, rest, short walk;

  • the text read in the morning is best remembered – regardless of the characteristics of biorhythms, ideally, it is after waking up and washing to repeat what was learned the day before.

An excellent method of memorization is retelling of the text. This technique acquires special significance if it is necessary not only to learn, but also to retell the text.

How to prepare for a retelling?

A retelling, or a free presentation, of what has been read may be required in different formats: close to the text, as close as possible. But if you have a bad memory, then any option will cause difficulties. Thinking is not an easy process; it is necessary to learn to retell in childhood. If you want to teach or learn this, you need to practice regularly. To improve your abilities in this area, you need to periodically retell something to another person.

Experts recommend following some rules when preparing for a retelling:

  • when speaking or reading, do not use a whisper – this is done either to yourself or clearly aloud;

  • if the article or text is of a complex scientific, technical nature, take notes: theses, key words;

  • refuse to prepare for the retelling in the evening, and even more so at night – the brain works best in the morning.

If you’ve noticed that retelling a movie or book rarely gets people into trouble, it’s mostly because the plot is most often the subject of discussion immediately after watching or reading it. Therefore, the text, which is important for you to retell qualitatively, needs to be discussed.. You need to prepare for the retelling in a quiet place, calm, where nothing distracts, with high-quality lighting.

If you need to prepare your child for retelling, consider the following features:

  • for homework, choose books with a simple plot and a predictable ending;

  • first tell the child about the content of the training object;

  • read stories many times, but change intonation, voice;

  • ask questions throughout the reading;

  • the student reads the book on his own, but it is better if he does it out loud, control the pace – it should be measured;

  • always explain what is not clear;

  • make a plan and a list of questions, periodically discuss the text on this basis.

Developing the skill of retelling will help the child learn easily, think more figuratively, it develops speech, trains memory and thinking.

Practical Tips

It is desirable to learn to retell what has been read even before school age. But not all adults can easily retell the text. In order for this process not to cause difficulties, it is necessary to constantly improve practically. To do this, break the work into stages.

  • Vocabulary stage. In a scientific or technical text, not all words are always familiar and understandable. They need to write out and find out the meaning. In a work of art, this can be done during the second stage.

  • Stage of acquaintance with the text. Parts of the semantic order, highlighted by a certain thought in a scientific text, are determined. In any case, it is necessary to answer the question “what is it talking about” throughout the reading. By the end, a plan of key points should be drawn up. The abstract can be fixed on paper.

  • Generalization stage. Here the work is evaluated, conclusions are drawn, results are summed up, ideas are singled out. The main thing is to determine the impression made by the text. After this stage, it is better to pause, get distracted and do other things.

  • Final stage. Re-reading is necessary to refresh the memory of the moments that remained beyond the first reading. After that, you need to retell the text, if possible without looking at the source, using the abstract.

So that the beginning of the retelling does not cause difficulties, use associations – remember the environment in which the memorization took place, the text itself, the book. In a work of art, one can remember with whom the characters were associated. Thinking in this way, look into the book. There are several tricks that contribute to better memorization and retelling:

  • visualize the picture in detail, with sounds, aromas, shoot a movie in your head;

  • you don’t need to speak out loud at the first reading, otherwise the whole picture in your head will not work out;

  • retelling is easier if there is a person who is ready to listen to you;

  • read as many books as possible – this expands vocabulary and trains memory;

  • re-read the most difficult moments several times;

  • do not use electronic media, proofreading printed text is more productive.