How to learn to speak correctly?
The ability to express thoughts in words is called speech. Achieving mutual understanding is possible only with the correct transfer of your thoughts to another person. Their competent expression, the correct choice of language means in a particular situation provide the desired effect in achieving communicative tasks.
In communication, it is important to convey your feelings and reasoning to another person, thereby introducing your “I”. There is even an expression “speech is flowing into another”. In other words, speaking is doing work for others. The ability to convey one’s thoughts correctly to the listeners in words is not inherent in everyone. Problems with the presentation of thoughts may appear due to a violation of diction, lack of the necessary vocabulary, inability to concentrate one’s attention.
These qualities must be instilled from childhood. Children should be taught how to express themselves clearly.. Features of education often deprive the child of full communication. Adults discourage the baby from sharing his thoughts with someone. A person who has grown up alone does not know what to talk about when meeting with his acquaintance, what topics are appropriate to touch upon during a conversation. Complexes provoke fear and are the cause of silence.
The task of adults is to develop in children the ability to put thoughts into words.
First, a suitable text is selected, which should not contain a huge number of events and descriptions. Then they slowly read it, highlighting the most important points with intonation. The child must isolate the main idea.
Then, in a conversation, they find out whether the baby understood everything. Be sure to find out if the child liked the story. After re-reading, a joint retelling is recommended. To memorize and train the expression of thoughts, the baby must retell the work to someone else.
Good command of the language makes it possible for a mature person to realize himself in the profession and creativity. The ability to communicate competently and confidently contributes to the development of full-fledged relationships and career advancement. You must be able to interest the interlocutor, influence him, attract to your side, so it is very important to learn how to use your speech. The use of quotations and lyrical digressions in it attracts the attention of listeners, but one must carefully follow the logical chain of the narrative so as not to stray and come to the right conclusion in time.
Experts recommend learning to clearly feel your interlocutor.
- If he gets bored, he should immediately change the subject.
- Before an erudite person, they are advised to demonstrate their knowledge.
- It is necessary to say goodbye to the person who has expressed a desire to leave in time.
There is no need to strive to please the interlocutor, because flattery and insincerity are detrimental to full-fledged communication. Compliance with the elementary rules of an annoying and boring narrator turns into a pleasant conversationalist. A short, clear, concise way of expressing thoughts is conciseness. It significantly saves the time of interlocutors.
- Don’t get too carried away with the details. Verbosity makes it difficult to perceive information.
- You need to focus on the interlocutor so as not to lose the outline of the conversation.
- It is necessary to avoid speaking in fragments of phrases, jumping from one subject of conversation to another.
- Before expressing a thought, you need to think it through to the end in order to know exactly how the sentence will end.
An educated person is obliged to observe the basic rules of sounding speech.
It is necessary to get rid of the use of parasitic words, speech errors, colloquial expressions, complex sentence structures. Parasite words do not carry a semantic load, and their frequent repetition clogs speech and makes communication difficult.
Necessary components of competent clean speech are intelligibility and clarity. The correct pronunciation allows a person not to go beyond the generally accepted norms and not get into an awkward position. The accuracy of speech involves the use of a word in full accordance with the meaning assigned to it in the language, dictionary. Wrong word choice distorts the meaning of the statement. For example, there was a case when the announcer made an unfortunate reservation: instead of “accountant-inventory” he said “accountant-inquisitor”.
Expressiveness of the statement is given by speech diversity: epithets, metaphors, comparative phrases, winged expressions, sayings, proverbs. There are interesting techniques that allow a person to learn how to correctly and competently express their thoughts.
- The increase in the volume of the linguistic stock. Reading classical literature contributes to the formation of the correct construction of sentences, learning to express the same thought in different ways.
- Replenishment of vocabulary helps to diversify phrases. Sometimes the lack of words prevents a person from correctly and beautifully describing the situation. It is recommended to constantly introduce new words into speech. Their meaning must be specified in the explanatory dictionary.
- Training of high-quality memorization of information. It is very important to constantly develop memory, because without the ability to remember and reproduce important information, factual errors cannot be avoided. Training to improve memory and attention, to clearly express thoughts is to memorize the longest sequence of numbers, learn poems and lyrics. Good nutrition, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, physical activity, good sleep, walks in the fresh air increase the quality of memorization of the material and human performance.
- Concentration of attention on a certain thought. You need to learn how to focus on the right information as much as possible. Such concentration helps to pronounce a thought without inaccuracies, to avoid random words and erroneous phrases.
To control concentration, an effective way of visualizing an object is used. It is necessary to imagine in detail the details of the desired image. For example, if we are talking about a dog, you need to focus on its breed, color, coat structure, activity, parameters. Then they are advised to try to imagine some action related to the image.
It’s hard to concentrate in a crowded place, so you need to train at home to do exercises with loud music or the TV on. In the future, the noise of the external environment will not interfere with concentration.
Experts advise try to describe any household object beautifully, for example, a coffee table or a teapot, giving things an expressive definition. Vernaculars must be excluded. It is recommended to give the first word that comes across a definition in the form of a complete phrase. Let’s say that a person must first ask himself: “What does a greeting mean?” And then comes the extended answer.
In order to control all speech defects It is advised to record statements on a voice recorder. Listening to the recording makes it possible to identify all the inaccuracies of speech, to notice the use of parasitic words, repetitions of words, deviation from the main idea in the narrative, loss of the main thread, an excess of terms or stilted words, extra pauses, a long search for a suitable word, weakness of voice, uncertainty.
Monotonous phrases are not perceived by listeners. Change intonation according to content.. To cope with poor pronunciation, exercises aimed at the correct placement of intonational accents and the development of pure diction help. To improve the quality of spoken words, it is recommended to sing vowel sounds in turn with a measured transition from one to another. Clear pronunciation is achieved when working on exercises with tongue twisters.
Speech therapists advise working on the mobility of the tongue. First, it must be placed on one cheek, then on the other, then it should be moved to the palate and, finally, get the tip as close as possible to the root.
We must not forget about self-control. In a dispute, words must be chosen softer, and arguments must be firmer. A simple manner of speech allows you to achieve good results in communicating with any interlocutors. Erudition, possession of useful information make it possible to conduct interesting conversations.
The desire to reduce and simplify the language means used helps the author of the speech to convey a large content in a small form. It is necessary to break the narrative into small paragraphs, focus on important thoughts, supplement the story with interesting stories or anecdotes.
Excessive verbosity, a meager vocabulary, a violation of the logic of the narrative, excessive sarcasm and the minimum amount of necessary information lead to difficulty in understanding and perceiving information.
Tempo and volume
Control over the speed of speech, volume and intonation allows the author of the statement to place the correct accents and pauses. It is very important to choose the right pace for each specific situation. Sometimes measured and unhurried speech is appropriate. It should be borne in mind that excessive stretching of words irritates interlocutors. Sluggish and forced phrases are often associated with poor knowledge of the material being discussed.
For a heated debate, a fast pace is more suitable. Too hasty speech must be skillfully combined with semantic pauses. So it is easier for the listener to perceive the essence of what was said, and the speaker will be able to learn to speak beautifully and gesticulate correctly. A fast pace is justified when it is necessary to convey maximum information to the listener in a short period of time. But sometimes it leads to annoying reservations.
Hasty speech is often unpleasant for listeners. Material presented at a too fast pace is not always assimilated. An important thought is usually spoken in slow motion.
The tempo of speech is associated with logical and psychological pauses, which give the interlocutors the opportunity to prepare for further perception of the material.
The tempo and loudness emotionally color the speech and endow it with a certain rhythm and melody. At some point, you should raise the volume, somewhere you need to lower your voice, and at some point, stop altogether, pause. Important semantic blocks of text are highlighted in a sonorous voice. Minor parts are pronounced in a low tone. In this case, the articulation of sounds should be distinct. Too quiet speech may not be perceived by the interlocutor.
A squeaky exclamation or scream annoys the listener. Do not overwhelm the audience with too loud speech. The tone and timbre of the voice can dramatically affect the emotional state of the interlocutor, regardless of the content of the message.
The emotional background is extremely important. It is created within a person. It is unlikely that effective communication will turn out if the face of the interlocutor with a frown and tightly clenched jaws reflects discontent and disapproval. A friendly person in a good mood always has a conversation. A calm and relaxed atmosphere sets up a constructive dialogue.
A good emotional atmosphere helps to create a manner of speech. It is appropriate to use gestures and facial movements, to diversify the intonation tone.
How to express your thoughts in writing?
The advantage of a written message over a spontaneous oral statement is the ability to think about the phrase. Work messages are meant to be concise and succinct. It is necessary to strictly follow the logic of the presentation of the material. Distraction to lyrical digressions is unacceptable. Each phrase should contain useful information, have its own value and importance.
The reader should not have any problems understanding the text. In conclusion, it is advisable to read the message aloud in order to check it for harmony and correctness.
Experts recommend maintaining your own blog or personal diary, in which you should strive to hone your skills in the field of presenting thoughts and describing events. This is the best way to evaluate the course of your own thoughts and manner of communication.
Training should be carried out in direct correspondence with friends, colleagues, relatives. Before sending a message, it is necessary to carefully analyze whether the phrases are correctly constructed, whether there are tautological phrases in the text (repetition of words with the same root). The expression “I dreamed in a dream” should be replaced with the phrase “I saw in a dream” or “I had a dream.” Gradually written speech is enriched and improved.
What to do if communication is difficult?
Communication often makes it difficult for a person to express his reasoning competently and concisely. An obstacle sometimes is an incomprehensible text, replete with scientific terms. Excessive use of neologisms, borrowed foreign words makes communication difficult. Sometimes the used jargon and vulgarism clog the spoken phrases so much that it is difficult for the listeners to penetrate the essence, to grasp the main grain of the statement. Primitive speech lags behind the high canons of Russian literature and looks stylistically helpless. Sloppy, sloppy, inaccurate speech is difficult to understand.
The main task of communication is to be heard by the interlocutor. The sense of language is formed throughout life. It is developed over many years in the minutes of listening, reading, speaking and writing. The more literate a person is, the more demands he makes on his speech. A linguistic sense prompts an individual who is fluent in the language to choose the necessary word. The more a person speaks, the easier it is for him to formulate his thoughts in the future.
Reading aloud several pages of classical literature a day makes it possible to hear beautiful speech every day, to form template blanks in memory. It is useful to retell the content of the read text, since in the process of retelling the ability to find the main idea of the work is developed, to correctly build a phrase.
Do not miss the opportunity to discuss with others. It is advisable to mentally analyze the words of the opponent and attack him with suitable arguments.. Commenting on your actions allows you to develop speech turns. For example, while cooking, you should try to imagine yourself as the host of a culinary channel, when applying makeup – as a beautician, and while walking around the city – as a guide.
If it is possible to prepare a speech in advance, it should be taken into account that intrigue gives the necessary background to the situation, which serves as a kind of hook to attract the attention of listeners. The trigger phrase can be an aphorism, an anecdote, an interesting case or a short philosophical discussion. Then you need to stake out the main idea and let it float freely: pick up the necessary arguments, arguments, statements. Do not forget about connecting phrases. In conclusion, the story needs to be summarized.
The upcoming conversation by phone or Skype should be thought out in advance. You can write all the information point by point on a piece of paper. Writing a brief plan will prevent unnecessary digressions from the topic. It is advisable to ask questions to the interlocutor in order to understand whether he correctly interprets the information he hears.
It is very important to choose a style, manner of communication and words that are suitable for specific interlocutors.. Naturalness inspires confidence. Ease helps to quickly join the conversation. If a mistake was accidentally made in speech, you can’t get hung up on it, because the interlocutor forgets about it in a minute. A sense of humor helps to defuse tense situations.
The ability to succinctly and accurately express one’s thoughts, to correctly build phrases ensures effective communication.