Most often, gum disease occurs due to improper care of the teeth and oral cavity. Scientists have found that one of the main causes of gum disease is harmful bacteria found in plaque. In other words, plaque is such a “bed” where different types of bacteria multiply, some of which cause caries, while others provoke gum disease. It has been proven that after 24 hours, plaque acquires harmful properties and leads to the formation of caries and inflammation of the periodontium, that is, the tissues that surround the tooth.

Why do gums hurt

At the initial stage, gingivitis develops. It can be suspected if bleeding and soreness occurs when brushing your teeth or while eating, and the gums themselves hurt, swell and redden. If no action is taken at this stage, then the inflammation can increase and go deep into the tissues surrounding the teeth, and a more dangerous disease develops – periodontitis. Then not only the ligaments holding the tooth are destroyed, but even the bones of the jaw where the tooth is attached. Teeth begin to loosen and fall out. Moreover, the accumulated bacteria can spread from the mouth to other organs and cause additional problems, for example, with the gastrointestinal tract.

Gum disease is accompanied by bad breath. The fact is that bacteria actively multiply under the gum, decomposing food debris, blood and thereby forming pus. By the way, the smell from the mouth is most noticeable in the morning, because at night the secretion of saliva decreases, which has anti-inflammatory properties, that is, it helps fight harmful bacteria.