How to understand that a visit to the dentist should not be postponed? What drugs will help with inflammation in the oral cavity? We deal with experts.
Don’t wait until the last
“Unfortunately, the initial stages of inflammatory gum disease may not bother a person too much – this is not a toothache! – therefore, in this case, the patient often postpones visiting the dentist for as long as possible, ”says dentist-therapist Alexandra Retinskaya.
According to the dentist, patients over 30 years old are more likely to suffer from inflammation of the oral cavity, who have large structures in the oral cavity (for example, braces) or have chronic diseases – endocrine, gastrointestinal tract and others. They already have either the prerequisites for the development of gum disease, or the disease itself, which a person may not know about, or it does not bother him yet.
However, the absence of severe pain or other formidable symptoms does not mean at all that over time everything will go away by itself. Untreated gum disease, such as periodontitis, can eventually lead to the loss of even healthy teeth.
“If you notice bleeding gums when brushing your teeth, eating, you have bad breath, red spots on the gums become visible, there is plaque on the tongue, the necks of the teeth are exposed, there is pain in the gums, you should rush to the periodontist,” warns periodontal surgeon Amina Dovlatova. – But most often people notice problems with the gums already at the stage of tooth mobility. And this means that the inflammation has become chronic. And this is a more serious problem that will require a longer and more complex treatment.”
Moreover, it is often impossible to solve many dental issues if there are even slight signs of gum inflammation. For example, it is not recommended to carry out implantation – the success of the operation can be reduced by 50%. Therefore, first you need to cure periodontitis or gingivitis.
What will help with inflammation?
Inflammatory gum disease is most often caused by an infection (caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi), and less often by trauma to the gums, such as when wearing dentures and braces. At the same time, the main reservoir of pathogenic microorganisms in the oral cavity is plaque. Even if you brush your teeth twice a day, plaque still remains. To verify this, you can come to an appointment with a dentist. He will stain your teeth with a special solution, and then you can see where you are not cleaning your teeth, and recommend products that suit you. In addition to a toothbrush, this is a must-have dental floss, an irrigator.
Therefore, any treatment for inflammatory gum disease necessarily includes the removal of plaque and tartar.
“After treatment by a periodontist, anti-inflammatory gels or ointments for gums are individually prescribed for the rehabilitation period, for example, Cholisal, Solcoseryl, Asepta,” continues Amina Dovlatova. – Anti-inflammatory gels speed up the healing process. By the way, Cholisal contains a component that has an analgesic effect, so patients like it more. It seems to them that the pain has passed, the treatment is more successful. This applies to any treatment: if the patient clearly feels the healing process, then he fulfills the doctor’s prescriptions more responsibly, is more optimistic, experiences less stress – all this further speeds up the process of recovery and rehabilitation. Here is such a mutual dependence. I will add that, according to the instructions for use, this drug contains the antiseptic cetalkonium chloride, which acts on bacteria, as well as fungi and viruses. This is important, because it is not always possible to immediately determine what exactly caused the infection, and treatment is required without delay.
“It is not always possible to make an appointment with a good dentist on the same day, in this case, dental gel will also help to reduce pain, discomfort and wait a couple of days,” advises Alexandra Retinskaya. — For example, I would recommend a gel that relieves pain and relieves swelling. But we must remember that the gel is a temporary solution, not a cure. Then you need to see a doctor!”
For dessert – an apple
Since the main evil for the gums is bacteria that breeds in plaque, the most effective fight against periodontal disease may be oral hygiene. It must be supported by regular visits to the dentist, as well as the use of additional protection that suppresses more pathogenic types of microorganisms. Such microorganisms, as a rule, prevail in periodontal pockets (the space between the gum and the tooth), deep carious cavities. To this end, the doctor may also recommend dental gel – to prevent inflammation.
“You need to visit the dentist once every 6 months,” says Alexandra Retinskaya. In addition to the examination, a specialist may order an x-ray to assess the oral cavity. In addition, at the reception, the patient will be helped to choose the right home hygiene products. The general practitioner, hygienist or periodontist will teach the patient the correct brushing technique – everything is not so obvious here. A person seems to clean well, but the doctor always sees that home hygiene is insufficient, or the patient is using the wrong technique and “tools”.
It is also worth remembering that it is good for the gums to eat more hard foods – fresh hard vegetables, fruits, and less processed foods that contain sugar and starch. For example, if you eat an apple for dessert instead of a cake, then your gums and teeth will definitely thank you. It is even better to rinse your mouth or brush your teeth every time after eating.