Since almost half of the people on earth are hypertensive, pills for high pressure they take regularly. But despite the prevalence of these drugs, there are still many questions associated with them. The most popular of them, replied candidate of medical sciences, general practitioner, cardiologist Azizkhon Askarov.
The first question – is it true that drugs for hypertension should be taken at a strictly defined time and taking into account food intake?
“Now the last study, which was conducted at the international level for several years, has now been completed, which showed that blood pressure medications can be taken at any time of the day. After all, all modern drugs for hypertension act from half a day to a day, so a clear time of admission is not necessary, ”Azizkhon Askarov explained. The only thing that is desirable to withstand is taking funds from high blood pressure on an empty stomach. This is due to the fact that food can slow down the flow of the drug into the bloodstream or even reduce the concentration.
The second question – is it possible to drink such pills with everything that is nearby: water, juice, milk and even alcohol?
Azizkhon Askarov notes that hypertension pills should not be taken with milk and carbonated drinks. Of course, alcohol is also not suitable for these purposes. After all, all these drinks violate the structure of the drug shell, can cause a weakening of their action or, conversely, a sharp increase. In addition, such drinks, the cardiologist emphasizes, can cause side effects – for example, an allergic or toxic reaction may occur.
Question three – can pressure medications not work?
There are versions that in some cases, pressure pills may not have the desired effect, even if they are used correctly. So, for example, it is believed that their performance may be adversely affected by combinations with other drugs or food.
“Hypertension drugs usually work well, with the exception of only those cases when the person who takes them has a pathology of either the liver or kidneys. After all, the primary metabolism occurs in the liver – this is where the drugs are activated. Their excretion is associated with kidney function in most cases,” says Azizkhon Askarov. If you have such problems, you should additionally discuss with your doctor the risks that the pills may not work.
Question four – can such drugs be poorly tolerated?
In general, says Azizkhon Askarov, such drugs are well tolerated. But it all depends on the dose of the drug and on whether the person has concomitant diseases. So, for example, the cardiologist emphasizes that some drugs cannot be used by people with severe renal or hepatic insufficiency, a number of drugs should be excluded for severe heart defects or severe heart failure, with a rare or, conversely, frequent pulse. There are many indications and contraindications – all of them are taken into account by the doctor who prescribes such medicines.
Question five – is it possible to choose and buy drugs for pressure on your own, without a doctor’s prescription?
It is undesirable to do this, notes Azizkhon Askarov. After all, the choice from the entire arsenal to a certain extent implies an individual approach. When prescribing drugs for hypertension, the age of the person, the presence of concomitant diseases in him are taken into account. There are funds in the pharmacy as emergency drugs – they can be used for “ambulance”. But still, only a doctor should recommend all drugs so that there are no side effects, and the medicine works as it should.
Question six – what side effects can drugs for pressure have?
To call such funds harmless and safe does not work. They may well lead to the development of side effects. So, for example, says Azizkhon Askarov, beta-blockers have such a side effect as a slowing of the pulse, which develops quite abruptly. In people with asthma, they can cause bronchospasm and cough. A number of drugs are not recommended for use in pregnant women. Some drugs can cause swelling in the legs, and this should be considered if a person has venous insufficiency. There are also drugs that increase the level of sugar, cholesterol, uric acid.
“That is why it is important to consult a doctor at the time of choosing medicines, since a specialist, based on all the data he knows about a person’s health, will select the best remedy that will help and not harm at the same time,” warns Azizkhon Askarov.
Usually, treatment with antihypertensive drugs is prescribed after consultation with a general practitioner and a cardiologist, as well as a number of studies – this is a minimum set of tests (blood and urine), collection of biochemical parameters, and an ECG.