As noted Dr. Myasnikov in the program “About the most important thing”, there are 360 million diabetics with type 2 disease in the world. At the same time, there is such a condition as prediabetes, with which there are even more people. The last digit of the norm when measuring sugar is 5.6 mmol / l. However, if the indicator is slightly higher, you should not be afraid. “From 5.6 to 6.9 is prediabetes. Yes, there is a 25% chance that he will go into full-fledged diabetes, yes, there are risks for the heart, but this is not diabetes. You can talk about type 2 diabetes if the number on the glucometer is 7. When it appears twice – for example, today we measured – 7 and tomorrow we measured – 7, then this is diabetes, ”explained Alexander Myasnikov.
In this case, there may not be such traditional symptoms as increased thirst and dry mouth. The doctor noted that they usually appear when the figure exceeds 10. If you have prediabetes, you should lose weight, move more, use fruits and vegetables in your diet, quit smoking, Alexander Myasnikov recommended.
Cause of Diabetes
Physiologically, diabetes develops when there is “fasting in full abundance.” That is, there is a lot of sugar in the blood, and the indicator is constantly increasing, since during the day a person eats it more and more, but sugar is not utilized.
Insulin is required for disposal. The principle is this: they ate something, the pancreas threw out insulin, the sugar was utilized. But if a person eats something unhealthy, such as dumplings with soda, white rice, white bread, white pasta, then sugar jumps very quickly, insulin also jumps. And due to the fact that it rises too often and too quickly, the receptors stop perceiving it. As a result, there is a lot of sugar in the blood, and there is insulin, but it does not work. This is what insulin resistance looks like.
What provokes and what protects?
Insulin resistance usually occurs in obese people. However, those with normal body weight can also develop diabetes. For example, if they have a tummy. So, for example, if the waist circumference in men is 102 or more, and in women 88 and above, they have a high risk of diabetes.
Smoking is also a risk factor, as it affects insulin-sensitive receptors and suppresses them.
It is also important to look at nutrition. A person may be thin, but eating is wrong. The most dangerous option in terms of developing diabetes is sweet soda. It is especially dangerous in children – they gain excess weight, and the bone mass does not grow. In addition, sausages, sausages, and fried potatoes quickly lead to diabetes, Dr. Myasnikov listed. “But a diet full of vegetables and fruits, dairy products, leads to protection against diabetes,” said Alexander Myasnikov. In addition, he said that coffee protects against the development of such a disease. As for the choice of products, whole ones are better. For example, grape juice is more dangerous than berries because it contains more sugar. Particular attention should be paid to sweeteners. Alexander Myasnikov advised choosing natural sweets, such as pears, plums or strawberries, rather than using industrial fructose in the diet. After all, the former are processed and disposed of where necessary in the digestive tract, and industrial fruit sugar will lead to a sharp release of insulin.
Certain medications can also trigger diabetes. Among them are steroid hormones, some HIV drugs, a number of diuretics, for example, those that drink hypertension, statins with long-term use. Of course, this does not mean that therapy with such drugs should be immediately abandoned and the drugs should be canceled, Alexander Myasnikov warned. You just need to consider the risks, discuss them with your doctor and control your health.
What can diabetes lead to?
Diabetes is an insidious disease. It affects the heart and blood vessels, especially the small ones, the kidneys, the fundus of the eye. The risks of heart attacks and strokes are rising, as are the risks of Alzheimer’s disease and other types of dementia. There is a particular danger from such a disease for men – they have a high risk of erectile dysfunction against the background of diabetes.
In preparing the material, the following sources were used: About the most important