Living in stress depletes the body’s resources. The result can be disease and premature old age. How not to get old and not get sick from stress, told Professor of the Department of Psychology of the PRUE G. V. Plekhanova Ludmila Shukshina.
The concept of stress is translated as load, depression, depression, a state of increased tension. But not every state of tension is stress. We talk about it only when it is necessary to turn on the body’s reserves to adapt to a changed situation, to survive. But if the system of reactions to stress and attempts to adapt to it remain turned on for too long, this leads to mental illness.
The more stress, the closer old age?
The creator of the theory of stress is a Canadian scientist Hans Selye believed that the body, faced with various factors, such as pain, cold, fear, danger, fast running, emotional shock, blood loss, etc., includes special mechanisms to protect against stress. This process is a complete mobilization, adaptation to an unexpected situation, which requires a lot of stress from the body and the expenditure of a huge amount of strength.
Selye proposed a hypothesis according to which the aging of the body occurs as a result of exposure to all the stresses that he had to face during his life. Any, especially traumatic stress causes irreversible changes in the chemical balance of the body. Accumulating, these changes trigger the aging mechanism. Constant stress is especially dangerous for brain cells and the nervous system. The Canadian scientist emphasized that the prevention of psycho-emotional stress is very important for health and longevity.
In science, physiological and psychological stress are distinguished. Psychological is also divided into emotional and informational.
physiological stress occurs as a result of excessive physical exertion, pain, high or low temperature.
Psychological stress provoked by a sense of threat, resentment, fear, anger and other negative emotions.
Information stress occurs during information overload, when a person is faced with the need to process a large amount of information in a short time.
All types of stress adversely affect the health and psychological state of a person.
What disorders can cause stress in the body?
- increases the risk of diseases of the nervous, cardiovascular, digestive systems;
- reduces immunity and resistance to various diseases;
- causes sleep disturbances, chronic fatigue, nervousness, irritability, worsens the general condition;
- provokes the appearance of spasms in the muscles and phantom pain in the joints, headaches;
- causes a deterioration in appetite or, conversely, a desire to “seize” stress by eating a large amount of food;
- destroys many vitamins, disrupts metabolic processes;
- causes memory impairment and emotional instability;
- contributes to the emergence of depression, apathy, loss of interest in life.
A person always does not tolerate a situation that he cannot control. Insomnia, apathy, irritation, aggression, anger, tears, inadequate response to requests, irritation over trifles, quarrels with relatives and friends. All of these are symptoms of stress. Individuals react to stress in different ways. So, if a person does not show emotions, a “time bomb” is hidden in his psyche, which, with a high probability, will explode later. Another variant of the reaction to stress can be euphoria, when a person shows hyperactivity and an excess of emotions.
Seven ways to deal with stress
How can you calm down, support yourself and your loved ones?
1. Your main task is to regain control over your thoughts, not to lose control over work and family affairs. Recognize the presence of stress and the existing problem.
2. Do not build long-term plans and do not start big projects. It is important to see the results of your work here and now – this helps to regain a sense of the reality of life and control over it. Do the most mundane things – cleaning the apartment, cooking dinner, doing activities with children, etc.
3. Dose information from social networks. Don’t read the news all the time. Set a time for yourself, for example half an hour, that you will spend reading and commenting on the news. This is quite enough to clarify the picture of events at the moment.
4. Do any physical activity: squats, push-ups, exercise machines, jumping, running up the stairs. Go to the store, take a walk, get some fresh air. Don’t be at home all the time.
5. Use breathing practices such as counting breaths: inhale for four counts, hold your breath for four counts, exhale for six counts, and hold again for four counts. In this case, you need to breathe with your stomach, control your breathing by placing your hand on your stomach.
6. Keep regular contact with loved ones and relatives. Give them a call and find out how you can be of help. If there is a need and opportunity to be near – do not neglect it.
7. Use any self-help method that works for you and that you intuitively found for yourself.