When the teeth begin to react either to cold, or to hot, or to sweet, or to sour, doctors talk about their hypersensitivity. Such a phenomenon must be treated so as not to experience pain, and also to prevent the destruction of jaw tissues. However, we often destroy our own teeth, causing them to become overly receptive.

Joint problems

One of the non-obvious problems with the teeth, due to which their hypersensitivity develops, says dentist, chief physician of the dental clinic Ilya Antonovbecomes inflammation of the temporomandibular joint. “This pathology affects not only the joint itself, but the entire jaw as a whole,” explains the dentist.

The doctor notices that at first a person hears clicks when he opens or closes his mouth. After that, ringing in the ears and pain are added to them – and it will not work out to endure them, because over time the pain begins to increase. At an advanced stage, the dentist emphasizes, people can feel:

  • severe pain in the temple area;
  • development of puffiness;
  • difficulty opening the mouth.

At night, against this background, an increased tone of the masticatory muscles of the jaw develops – this is the so-called bruxism. Against its background, the teeth are erased, periodontitis develops (inflammation of the tissues surrounding the tooth). “Further, the risks of tooth mobility increase, inflammation will begin in the ligamentous apparatus, which will cause periodontitis (inflammation of tissues leading to a violation of the integrity of the ligaments). There is also a high probability of developing pathological pockets that require medical intervention, since without therapy they will become inflamed, bleed, swell, and there may be risks of suppuration. If you do not pay attention to such a problem, a whole range of problems will start leading to the complete loss of teeth, and not just to their sensitivity, ”explains Ilya Antonov.

Incorrectly selected food and drinks

The sensitivity of the teeth increases when eating sour or sweet foods. They literally wear out the enamel. And here you should be careful even with seemingly harmless products that are usually used to promote health, for example, water with lemon in the morning. Doctors notice that high levels of acid are formed here, which negatively affects the enamel, leading to the exposure of dentin (the sensitive layer of the tooth).

The wrong toothpaste

The healthy habit of brushing your teeth twice a day can be detrimental to them. If the paste is chosen incorrectly. Increases the sensitivity of the teeth with an abrasive cleaner. These are usually chosen for bleaching. They quickly lead to wear of the enamel. And the increased sensitivity from this method of cleaning can be both short-term and permanent.

Lack of vitamins and microelements

Another reason for changing the quality of tooth enamel is a deficiency of vitamins and minerals. For example, doctors say that the negative effect is shown by the lack of such useful microelements as vitamin D (its lack leads to caries), calcium (bones do not strengthen without it), vitamin B12 (deficiency causes gum problems).


Nervous and emotional experiences can also affect the quality of tooth enamel. Stress, in principle, has a bad effect on the state of the whole organism. It is strong emotions that lead to the development of bruxism, from which the teeth become more sensitive. Moreover, because of the grinding of teeth, you can get not only increased sensitivity of the enamel, but also headaches and even hearing loss.

In addition, Ilya Antonov emphasizes, the following have a negative effect on tooth enamel:

  • Diabetes mellitus, which destroys the tissues and organs of the body;
  • Taking strong pain medications.

These items refer, says the dentist, to systemic (long-term) effects on the body, they are also characterized as aggressive. Suffer, including both soft and hard tissues in the oral cavity, the specialist notes.