Drains are on sale now in bulk. Their price is low. But not everyone buys them. Many treat them with coolness, considering them less useful than other berries. Is it so?
How are plums really useful, how do they differ from each other? Let’s look at them from a scientific point of view. There are several serious studies in which their properties and composition were studied at a high scientific level.
“When they write about plums, they first recall their laxative effect, and then that they are a storehouse of vitamins and minerals,” Konstantin Spakhov, a general practitioner and gastroenterologist, Candidate of Medical Sciences, tells . – The first statement is correct. Even serious studies have shown that in comparable doses, prunes work better than psyllium laxatives (they are made from psyllium husks). How to explain this, because the doses of fiber in them were the same? In addition to it, there are two other additional components in the plum with a laxative effect, which are not found in the psyllium. This is sorbitol, it is also used as a sugar substitute, and chlorogenic acids. Here it should be noted right away that prunes are just dried plums, and what is true for him applies to them.
Tales about vitamins
“But about vitamins and minerals, this is fantastic,” continues Konstantin Spakhov. – There are few of them, only 1-3% of the daily intake (DNR). Only ascorbic 10-11% DNP, but this is not much. Despite this, plums are extremely useful. In scientific articles, they even began to be called functional foods, emphasizing that they have effects comparable to drugs.
First of all, this is attributed to the ability of plums to prevent osteoporosis and even strengthen bone tissue, reversing its development. This effect has been confirmed in animal and human studies. So, in the USA, postmenopausal women (it is at this time that osteoporosis develops), for 6-12 months, ate 50-100 g of prunes (5-10 berries) daily for 6-12 months. They had an increase in bone density and improved indicators that indicate the loss of calcium from the bone. Since, at this age, women often have constipation, regular consumption of plums in season and prunes at other times will be extremely beneficial for them. The dose of plums should be about 2 times higher, they have more water.
The darker the color of the plums, the healthier they are. Anthocyanins, powerful antioxidants that have anti-inflammatory and anti-mutagenic effects, give them a blue-violet color. Therefore, plums protect blood vessels, preventing heart attacks and strokes, reduce the risk of age-related diseases, including dementia (dementia), and prevent the development of cancer. Research suggests that plums may protect against colon, cervical, breast, and liver cancers. But for sure its anti-cancer spectrum is wider, because. research in this direction is still scarce.
There are fewer anthocyanins in red plums, and practically none in green and yellow plums. But they are still very useful due to other antioxidants.
It is important that there is a lot of pectin in all plums. It also protects against atherosclerosis and cancer, but by different mechanisms. Binds cholesterol, mutagens, heavy metals, and other toxic substances in the intestines, and removes them from the body. So plums or prunes should be on your menu regularly.