On October 16, the whole world celebrates the day of clean hands. This holiday was conceived by the UN to remind people of the importance of such a simple act as regular hygiene. How to wash your hands properly?

1. When is it necessary? to wash hands?

On the hands of a person from fingertips to elbows can be up to 140 million bacteria. Most of them are harmless and even useful, but still among them there are quite dangerous ones that can cause “dirty hands” diseases.

 

It is mandatory to wash hands before eating, after contact with animals, after returning from the street and after visiting the toilet room. On clean skin of the hands, microbes die literally within 10 minutes. And if the hands are dirty, germs survive 95% of the time.

 

It is recommended to wash your hands for at least 20 seconds. Dry your hands with a clean, fresh towel and change it every day.

2. What is the danger, on the one hand, of rare hand washing, and on the other hand – frequent?

By washing our hands frequently, we not only remove pathogenic flora, but also break our protective skin barrier at the same time. Even ordinary water, which often exceeds the skin-friendly pH, can break down the protective skin barrier. It is better to wash your hands with warm water. Although, when using soap, the temperature of the water is not important. Microbes will be removed anyway.

3. Which is better liquid or bar soap?

Opt for liquid soap. If using hard, bar soap, make sure it is in a dry soap dish.

If you are familiar with the problem of eczema / atopic dermatitis, then definitely only hand washing products with a PH 5.5, as well as bathing and bathing products for atopic, dry skin.

They are usually formulated with surfactants (surface active agents) that also remove dirt and germs.

four. How to wash and lubricate hands so that the skin is not dry? (especially in autumn)

Irritation, dryness, peeling and microcracks are signs of moisture deficiency. Creams and lotions are used to moisturize the skin. Regular hydration restores the protective layer and maintains the composition of normal microflora. Local skin immunity works, the risk of developing skin diseases is reduced.

5. What are the benefits and dangers of using antiseptics?

Substances contained in alcohol antiseptics can lead to inflammation, peeling and cracks. After an antiseptic, it is necessary to regularly moisturize the skin, otherwise, due to dryness caused by an alcohol-containing solution, microcracks form, the skin becomes easily permeable to various bacteria, viruses and allergens, while the acidity of the skin changes towards an alkaline environment, which is favorable for the growth of pathogenic microorganisms.

6. Is the use of antibacterial soap justified?

Do not use antibacterial soap daily, it kills not only pathogenic, but also beneficial bacteria on the skin of the hands.

7. How to teach children (and sometimes adults) to wash their hands?

Only by personal example, it is necessary to establish the rules of personal hygiene and constantly follow them.

8. What diseases can be avoided only by washing hands with soap and water?

Diseases that can be transmitted through dirty hands: intestinal infections (salmonellosis, cholera, dysentery, hepatitis A, enterovirus infection, rotavirus infection and many others) airborne diseases (ARVI, influenza), parasitic diseases (worms), contagious skin diseases (scabies ) and fungal, as well as stomatitis, conjunctivitis.