It is traditionally believed that gonorrhea, syphilis are diseases of those who have unprotected sexual intercourse. But, unfortunately, not everything is so simple. The danger remains with each of us. told about possible places of infection obstetrician-gynecologist Elena Ermolaeva:

— There are more than 30 sexually transmitted infections. The most famous of them are chlamydia, trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, genital herpes, hepatitis B, C, HIV, HPV, pubic lice, molluscum contagiosum, chancre, etc.

Syphilis, HIV, hepatitis B and C can be transmitted not only through sexual intercourse, in utero from mother to child or parenterally (when reusing non-sterile syringes and injection needles).

But it would be a mistake to think that the latter method threatens only people with drug addiction. Cases of parenteral infection are still found in the cosmetic and medical fields. Patients of medical institutions, clients of beauty salons and private craftsmen who use reusable instruments without paying due attention to their processing are most at risk.

Infection with the human papillomavirus can occur during kissing, and during childbirth, the fetus can become infected if the woman has genital warts.

Genital herpes can be transmitted through close skin-to-skin contact, as there are always microscopic lesions on the surface of the body.

Do not forget that the carrier of labial herpes (in other words, colds on the lips) can also infect a partner.

The causative agents of sexually transmitted infections are unstable in the external environment and cannot live long outside the human body. Therefore, you can not get infected in the bath, in the pool, in public transport, through the toilet seat or sun lounger on the beach.

According to international studies, there is a possibility of household transmission of some viruses through towels, bedding, toothbrushes, washcloths and underwear. But this is possible only if the mucous membranes of a healthy person are in close contact with the infected surface and provided that the virus could survive on this very surface, and this requires an environment similar to the human body – that is, the same temperature and humidity. If this environment is not present, the virus dies almost instantly. It is important to remember: personal hygiene items (towels, washcloths, toothbrushes, underwear) must be strictly individual. They can not be borrowed or used by strangers!

Sexually transmitted diseases are dangerous primarily due to complications. If they are not identified and treated in time, they can cause infertility, impotence, damage to internal organs and the nervous system.

The difficulty lies in the fact that these diseases have a long incubation period (up to three months). Therefore, if there is reason for concern, you need to take tests annually and consult a doctor at the first symptoms.

Sexually transmitted diseases can be re-infected, and with reduced immunity, they will make themselves felt much faster. Also, the development of STIs is provoked by stress, excessive alcohol consumption, increased physical fatigue and the use of prescribed antibiotics or contraceptives.