Starting in a dream is a common situation. Sometimes they are called myoclonus, that is, an involuntary short-term contraction of certain muscles or even muscle groups that can occur both in motion and at rest.

According to one version, myoclonus develops in a person due to the fact that the brain checks whether everything is in order. After all, when a person falls asleep deeply, his muscles relax, breathing slows down, the temperature begins to decrease. The brain regards this as death and gives an alarm to wake the person up. What other versions of the development of such a condition are there and is it dangerous.

“Twitching is a common occurrence that happens to many during sleep. The exact causes of such spasms are still unclear. According to one hypothesis, when primates slept in trees, their muscles tensed to protect themselves from a blow in a potential fall, and twitches may be the result of this reflex,” explains Natalia Taranenko.


Why is the person flinching?

To external factors contributing to the occurrence of hypnic twitches, says neurologist Taranenko, doctors include a whole list:


  1. Sports in the evening, in which it becomes more difficult to relax.
  2. The use of various stimulants, such as caffeine, nicotine, or certain drugs that disturb sleep (these are psychostimulants, hormonal drugs, antidepressants, and others).
  3. A lifestyle associated with high levels of stress that keeps the brain active even during sleep.
  4. External factors that disturb sleep, such as loud noises and bright lights.

How to be?

To avoid frequent tremors in a dream, Natalya Taranenko explains, it is recommended:

  • Do physical exercises at the beginning of the day. So that sports loads do not affect sleep, they should be stopped at least two hours before going to bed. This will allow the body temperature and endorphins (hormones of happiness) to return to levels conducive to relaxation.
  • Reduce the amount of coffee and alcohol consumed throughout the day, which will reduce the level of nervousness and anxiety.
  • Set a sleep schedule – an irregular schedule can lead to increased twitches. When preparing for bed, dim the lights and relax the mind, for example by reading or breathing exercises.
  • Eliminate external factors (bright lights, music or TV turned on) and stress, because anxiety can disrupt sleep and increase the excitability of the body. Meditation, breathing techniques, progressive muscle relaxation, and other techniques can help reduce the frequency of hypertwitching.

The recommendations are simple, but will help you sleep more calmly and literally not twitch in your sleep.

Is it dangerous?

“It is important to remember that regular startling in sleep is not a serious illness and is unlikely to cause complications. However, if you are worried about hypnic twitches or notice that the seizures have become more frequent, you should seek professional medical help from a neurologist, ”concludes the neurologist Taranenko.